There is e There are: vi spieghiamo il loro uso in frasi affermative, negative e interrogative con risposte brevi.
There is / There are nella forma affermativa
There is (contratto there’s) equivale a c’è. Si usa davanti a un nome singolare.
There is a new teacher in my school.
There is a big bathroom upstairs.
There is a big table in your kitchen.
There are equivale all’italiano ci sono. Si usa davanti a un nome plurale. Non ha la forma contratta.
There are two pens, a pencil, a highlighter and a rubber in my pencil case.
There are two cats and a dog in my house.
There are six chairs in my kitchen.
Attenzione!!! Quando la prima voce di un elenco di cose è singolare si usa there is.
There is a living room, two toilets, a kitchen.
There is / There are nella forma negativa
There is e there are nella forma negativa diventano there isn’t (non c’è) e there aren’t (non ci sono).
There isn’t a wardrobe in my bedroom.
There isn’t a blackboard in my classroom.
There isn’t a garden in my house.
There aren’t many people on the bus.
There aren’t many girls in my class.
There aren’t two beds in my bedroom.
There is / There are nella forma interrogativa
La forma interrogativa di there is e there are si ottiene mettendo there dopo il verbo to be.
Is there a wardrobe in your bedroom? Yes, there is / No, there isn’t
Is there a computer in your house? Yes, there is / No, there isn’t
Is there an umbrella in your school bag? Yes, there is / No, there isn’t
Are there three bedrooms upstairs? Yes, there are / No, there aren’t
Are there many windows in your classroom? Yes, there are / No, there aren’t
Are there two armchairs in your living room? Yes, there are / No, there aren’t