To have got: Present Simple - regole ed esempi

Il verbo avere in Inglese si traduce con To Have. Quando si vuole esprimere possesso To Have è seguito dal rafforzativo Got:

  • I have got a car.
  • He has got a cat.

Present Simple: To Have + Got

Forma affermativa

Come il verbo To be, anche To have seguito dal rafforzativo got al Present simple affermativo ha due forme: una estesa e una contratta.

Forma affermativa estesa

I have got
you have got
he has got
she has got
it has got
we have got
you have got
they have got

Forma affermativa contratta

I’ve got
you’ve got
he’s got
she’s got
it’s got
we’ve got
you’ve got
they’ve got

Ricorda Alle terze persone singolari, la forma del verbo avere has si contrae in ‘s. La ‘s può dunque indicare non solo il genitivo sassone (‘s) e il verbo essere contratto (is), ma anche il verbo avere contratto (has):

  • Patrick is Kate‘s father → genitivo sassone
  • She‘s Italian → verbo essere (is)
  • He‘s got blue eyes → verbo avere (has)

Present Simple: To Have + Got

Forma negativa

La forma negativa di to have + got si ottiene inserendo la negazione not tra have e got:

  • I have not got a car.
  • He has not got a car.

Il verbo to have + got ha una forma estesa e una contratta anche nella forma negativa.

Forma negativa estesa

I have not got
you have not got
he has not got
she has not got
it has not got
we have not got
you have not got
they have not got

Forma negativa contratta

I haven’t got
you haven’t got
he hasn’t got
she hasn’t got
it hasn’t got
we haven’t got
you haven’t got
they haven’t got

Present Simple: To Have + Got

Forma interrogativa

Nella forma interrogativa il verbo precede il soggetto.

Have I got a car?
Have you got a car?
Has he got a car?
Has she got a car?
Has it got a car?
Have we got a car?
Have you got a car?
Have they got a car?

Risposte brevi

Ricorda: got non viene usato nelle risposte brevi.

Affermative

Yes, I have
Yes, you have
Yes, he has
Yes, she has
Yes, it has
Yes, we have
Yes, you have
Yes, they have

Negative

No, I haven’t
No, you haven’t
No, he hasn’t
No, she hasn’t
No, it hasn’t
No, we haven’t
No, you haven’t
No, they haven’t

Ricorda: Le risposte brevi affermative non sono mai contratte. Le risposte brevi negative sono preferibilmente contratte.